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The Maya city of Chichén Itzá contains the Castillo, or Temple of Kukulcan (“feathered serpent,” the Maya equivalent of Quetzalcoatl). Its four stairways have 91 steps each, which combined with the single step at the entrance to the temple adds up to 365 stairs exactly–the number of days in the Mayan year.
More temples have been discovered there than in any other Mesoamerican city. Like many Mesoamerican pyramids, each was constructed around a core of rubble held in place by retaining walls.
The Teotihuacán built the Pyramids of the Sun and of the Moon between A. The walls were then faced with adobe bricks, and then covered with limestone.
Built by the Olmecs, the first major Mesoamerican civilization, it dates to between 1000 B. Rebuilding the pyramid, it was believed, was a crucial process that renewed the king's relationship with the gods.
At one point, historians concluded that (in contrast with Egyptian pyramids), pre-Columbian pyramids were not intended as burial chambers but as homes for deities.
The base of the Pyramid of the Sun measures 730 feet per side, with five stepped terraces reaching a height of some 200 feet.